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TYPES AND CAUSES OF FLOODS IN PAKISTAN

There are many types of flood that occur frequently in Pakistan


 GEOGRAPHY -THE RIVERS OF PAKISTAN




RECENT MAJOR FLOODS IN PAKISTAN



Recent flood events of 2010, 2011 and 2013 have caused many deaths, injuries and huge losses to the national economy in Pakistan. According to a recent report by the US World Resource Institute, During the last five years, floods have been causing loss of Rs 334 billion (3.7 billion) every year thus Pakistan’s GDP is affecting more than one per cent annually due to monsoon and flash floods floods.


Flooding is harmful natural phenomenon happening globally due to climate change or human activities or combination of both, it causes severe damages every year including human lives and infrastructure. Floods are huge amount of water reaching land surface in a short period of time that causing property, soil, land and houses to be submerged under water and it is caused by heavy rainfall that causing river or seas to overflow their banks.


Climate of Pakistan has great climate contrasts and regional variation. Pakistan is divided into three major geographic areas: the northern highlands, the Indus river plains and the Balochistan plateau. There are five major rivers of Pakistan which are filled by several small rivers are the tributaries of the Indus River namely Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej and Indus river itself.


Flood ManagementFlood MapsFlood AnalysisFear of FloodsIntroductionHOME


Deadly flooding is very common in Pakistan's monsoon season, monsoon rains come from June to September and they fill up Indus river basin with huge amount of water that can lead to river flooding.




Flash floods are very dangerous and very common in Pakistan, they happen very suddenly with little or no warning after heavy rainfall, thunderstorms, a dam failure and weather-related flooding.





Dangerous floods come due to the cracks of river, canal or dam walls , these kind of floods occur frequently in most parts of Pakistan.

flood wall failures caused flooding monsoon floods FLASH floods

THE RIVER INDUS BASIN IN PAKISTAN

Below map shows that after heavy rain rivers water my reach around side areas and may affect the lives and damage  the properties and agriculture production.


Spatial Analysis- Which Houses and Parts are in High Risk Areas for Floods Pakistan Indus and associate rivers’ water may reach around side areas